The production of biomass for food, energy and raw materials is the most prominent function of soil. It is the fundamental basis for the development of human societies. Besides biomass production, soil provides a number of additional functions which are indispensable for the functioning of the earth system: the recycling of mineral and organic matter, the regulation of water quality and quantity, the storage of carbon and provision of the habitat for a myriad of organisms.  

Biomass production  

Food security  

Storage and recycling of nutrients 

Resource efficiency  

Carbon sequestration 
Climate control  

Habitat for biological activity  
Biodiversity & gene pool  

Filtering and storage of water 

Provision of drinking water & flood protection