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The production of biomass for food, energy and raw materials is the most prominent function of soil. It is the fundamental basis for the development of human societies. Besides biomass production, soil provides a number of additional functions which are indispensable for the functioning of the earth system: the recycling of mineral and organic matter, the regulation of water quality and quantity, the storage of carbon and provision of the habitat for a myriad of organisms.
To be sustainable, soil management needs to consider the impact of any measure on the ensemble of all these essential functions. The aim of BonaRes is to foster the scientific basis to do so. The scientific challenge is to reliably describe the dynamics and resilience of soil functions in response to management practices. We consider soil functions to be emergent properties resulting from complex interactions between physical, chemical and biological processes going on in soil. Thus, the prediction of soil behavior needs to be based on modeling soil in an interdisciplinary and systemic approach which is developed by the BonaRes Centre and supported by the individual BonaRes projects.
Storage and recycling of nutrients
Filtering and storage of water
Provision of drinking water & flood protection
Understanding of soil functions and their dynamics
Soil Processes, Soil Functions, Modelling & Knowledge Library
Managing Soil function and their dynamics
Foresight, Sustainable Assessment & Governance